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History Of Drug Banning in Sport
1886: The first recorded death was in 1886 when a cyclist, Linton, died from an overdose of trimethyl.
1904: The first near death in modern Olympics where a marathon runner, Thomas Hicks, was using a mixture of brandy and strychnine.
No Specific Date: Most drugs involved alcohol and strychnine. Heroin, caffeine and cocaine were also widely used until heroin and cocaine became available only on prescription.
1930s: The Soviet team used male hormones to increase power and strength and the Americans developed steroids as a response.
1950s: The Soviet team used male hormones to increase power and strength and the Americans developed steroids as a response.
1952: One of the first noticeable doping cases involving amphetamines which occurred at the Winter Olympics. Several speed skaters became ill and needed medical attention.
1967: The IOC took action after the death of Tommy Simpson (due to the illegal taking of amphetamines) in the Tour de France.
1968: The IOC decided on a definition of doping and developed a banned list of substances. Testing began at the Olympic games.
1988: At the Seoul Olympics, Ben Johnson tested positive for a banned anabolic steroid, was stripped of his gold medal and was suspended for two years.
1988: Drug use had continued. Due to the significance of the problem, the Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Recreation and the Arts began an inquiry into the use by Australian sportsmen and sportswomen of performance enhancing drugs and the role to be played by Commonwealth agencies.
1990: An interim report of the Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Recreation and the Arts was published.
1990: A second report of the Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Recreation and the Arts was published.
1990: The Australian Sports Drug Agency was established by the Australian Sports Drug Agency Act 1990 (ASDA Act).
1991: The Agency became a statutory authority.